This video discuss traumatic brain injury. It is part of the DVD series
"Understanding Brain Injury" created by Shepherd Center
EVERY 23 SECONDS, SOMEBODY SUFFERS A BRAIN INJURY. MANY DIE OR ARE PERMANENTLY DISABLED.
A brain Injury can be in the form of a stroke or any other accidental head trauma that cause damage to the brain. A stroke presents differently so at this time we will talk about TBI's. People who have experienced a traumatic brain injury have their lives profoundly interrupted and irrevocably changed.
After prolonged medical recovery and rehabilitation, most of these individuals need to re-engage with the world around them and regain more independence and control over their lives.
A person who survives a brain injury may experience some or all of the following cognitive and physical symptoms as well as many others:
The leading causes of TBI are:
- Falls 28%
- Motor vehicle-traffic crashes 20%
- Struck by/against events 19%
- Assaults 11% Strokes will be dealt with seperately.
Studies indicate that most individuals who have sustained a brain injury are discharged to return home after receiving intensive rehabilitation therapies in an inpatient setting. In Westmoreland, cognitive and other neuropsychological treatment may continue on an outpatient basis IF the patients or their families can affort this financially. Some of these individuals may be able to return to school or work following a brain injury, many will not be able to do so because of either physical or cognitive limitations.
Many people who have sustained a brain injury experience significant changes in cognition, perception and memory as well as in emotional and physical functioning. Such fundamental changes make it difficult, if not impossible, for individuals to resume their previous way of life.
When people are not able to resume everyday activities, the compensatory strategies that may have been painstakingly in rehabilitation facilities can quickly diminish and become ineffective. This leads to a frustrating cycle of repeated returns to intensive, medically oriented rehabilitation programs. Even if these therapies are available, most individuals in Westmoreland cannot afford these kind of therapies.
Brain injury had been categorized by professionals as a growing “silent epidemic.” The medical advances in identifying, treating and rehabilitating brain injury have contributed to the growing demands for community support and re-integration services.
Westmoreland has the highest incidence of accident brain trauma with the increase of motorcycle accidents.